Oracle进程内存结构-如何察看Oracle进程消耗的内存

2/9/2008来源:Oracle教程人气:5821


  
Oracle进程内存结构-如何察看Oracle进程消耗的内存

Last Updated: Sunday, 2004-11-28 11:12 Eygle
    
 
 

经常有人问到如何在Unix下确定进程消耗的内存资源,以及为何Top工具的显示非常高。
有人说Top的输出不精确,这种说法是不确切的。实际上是Top输出显示的Oracle进程内存使用,包含了SGA部分。这也是SGA的意义所在。
SGA可以被共享,可以被所有进程所访问,在进程的寻址空间里就包含了SGA的大小。

至于如何更为精确的确定进程的内存消耗,本文简要介绍如下(在QuickIO下,你可能无法看到本文描述情况):


1.系统平台及数据库版本

$ uname -aSunOS billing 5.8 Generic_108528-23 sun4u sparc SUNW,Ultra-4Sun Microsystems Inc. SunOS 5.8 Generic Patch October 2001$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"SQL*Plus: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - PRodUCtion on Sun Nov 28 10:48:00 2004Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.Connected to:Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - 64bit ProductionWith the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining optionsJServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 - ProductionSQL> select * from v$version;BANNER----------------------------------------------------------------Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - 64bit ProductionPL/SQL Release 9.2.0.4.0 - ProductionCORE 9.2.0.3.0 ProductionTNS for Solaris: Version 9.2.0.4.0 - ProductionNLSRTL Version 9.2.0.4.0 - ProductionSQL> show sgaTotal System Global Area 253200688 bytesFixed Size 731440 bytesVariable Size 167772160 bytesDatabase Buffers 83886080 bytesRedo Buffers 811008 bytesSQL> exitDisconnected from Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - 64bit ProductionWith the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining optionsJServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production

 

2.Top输出

 

$ topload averages: 0.12, 0.05, 0.04 billing 10:49:5254 processes: 52 sleeping, 1 stopped, 1 on cpuCPU states: 99.3% idle, 0.0% user, 0.3% kernel, 0.4% iowait, 0.0% swapMemory: 2.0G real, 1.2G free, 404M swap in use, 5.1G swap free PID USERNAME THR PR NCE SIZE RES STATE TIME FLTS CPU COMMAND 10027 oracle 1 58 0 2568K 1680K cpu03 0:00 0 0.09% top 10052 oracle 1 58 0 322M 275M sleep 21:18 0 0.01% oracle 11264 oracle 22 58 0 329M 275M sleep 59:01 0 0.00% oracle 10056 oracle 1 58 0 322M 275M sleep 3:04 0 0.00% oracle 11262 oracle 14 58 0 331M 270M sleep 73:55 0 0.00% oracle 11260 oracle 258 59 0 333M 274M sleep 52:46 0 0.00% oracle 11266 oracle 1 58 0 325M 276M sleep 26:50 0 0.00% oracle 10054 oracle 1 59 0 322M 275M sleep 18:27 0 0.00% oracle 23519 oracle 1 55 0 322M 278M sleep 0:50 0 0.00% oracle 11258 oracle 1 59 0 323M 271M sleep 0:31 0 0.00% oracle 11285 oracle 1 58 0 17.3M 3848K sleep 0:20 0 0.00% tnslsnr 11270 oracle 1 58 0 322M 271M sleep 0:06 0 0.00% oracle 2990 oracle 1 59 0 322M 276M sleep 0:04 0 0.00% oracle 9872 oracle 1 48 0 1880K 1192K sleep 0:00 0 0.00% ksh 23498 oracle 1 58 0 323M 278M sleep 0:00 0 0.00% oracle

 

3.Pmap输出及进程内存计算

 

$ ps -efgrep ora_ oracle 9881 9872 0 10:49:57 pts/2 0:00 grep ora_ oracle 11258 1 0 Jul 19 ? 0:31 ora_pmon_hsbill oracle 11260 1 0 Jul 19 ? 52:47 ora_dbw0_hsbill oracle 11262 1 0 Jul 19 ? 73:55 ora_lgwr_hsbill oracle 11264 1 0 Jul 19 ? 59:01 ora_ckpt_hsbill oracle 11266 1 0 Jul 19 ? 26:50 ora_smon_hsbill oracle 11268 1 0 Jul 19 ? 0:00 ora_reco_hsbill oracle 11270 1 0 Jul 19 ? 0:06 ora_cjq0_hsbill oracle 10054 1 0 Nov 02 ? 18:27 ora_j001_hsbill oracle 10052 1 0 Nov 02 ? 21:19 ora_j000_hsbill oracle 2990 1 0 Nov 25 ? 0:05 ora_j003_hsbill oracle 10056 1 0 Nov 02 ? 3:04 ora_j002_hsbill oracle 8879 1 0 09:54:32 ? 0:00 ora_j004_hsbill$ pmap 1126411264: ora_ckpt_hsbill0000000100000000 53824K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/bin/oracle000000010358E000 872K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/bin/oracle0000000103668000 7968K read/write/exec [ heap ]0000000380000000 266240K read/write/exec/shared [ ism shmid=0x64 ]FFFFFFFF7C802000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C814000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C826000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C838000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C84A000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C85C000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C86E000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C880000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C892000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8A4000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8B6000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8C8000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8D6000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8DA000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8E8000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8EC000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8FA000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C8FE000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C90C000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C910000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7C91E000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA02000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA10000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA14000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA22000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA26000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA34000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA38000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA46000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA4A000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA58000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA5C000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA6A000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA6E000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA7C000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA80000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA8E000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CA92000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAA0000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAA4000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAB2000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAB6000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAC4000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAC8000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAD6000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CADA000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAE8000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAEC000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAFA000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CAFE000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CB0C000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CB10000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CB1E000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CC00000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CD00000 24K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/nss_files.so.1FFFFFFFF7CE06000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/nss_files.so.1FFFFFFFF7CF00000 8K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CF10000 8K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CF50000 8K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CF60000 16K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CF68000 32K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7D000000 16K read/exec /usr/platform/sun4u/lib/sparcv9/libc_psr.so.1FFFFFFFF7D100000 16K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libmp.so.2FFFFFFFF7D204000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libmp.so.2FFFFFFFF7D300000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7D400000 88K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libm.so.1FFFFFFFF7D516000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libm.so.1FFFFFFFF7D600000 8K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libkstat.so.1FFFFFFFF7D702000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libkstat.so.1FFFFFFFF7D800000 32K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/librt.so.1FFFFFFFF7D908000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/librt.so.1FFFFFFFF7DA00000 32K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libaio.so.1FFFFFFFF7DB08000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libaio.so.1FFFFFFFF7DC00000 720K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libc.so.1FFFFFFFF7DDB4000 56K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libc.so.1FFFFFFFF7DDC2000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libc.so.1FFFFFFFF7DF00000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7E000000 32K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libgen.so.1FFFFFFFF7E108000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libgen.so.1FFFFFFFF7E200000 672K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libnsl.so.1FFFFFFFF7E3A8000 56K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libnsl.so.1FFFFFFFF7E3B6000 40K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libnsl.so.1FFFFFFFF7E400000 5328K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libjox9.soFFFFFFFF7EA32000 384K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libjox9.soFFFFFFFF7EA92000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libjox9.soFFFFFFFF7EB00000 56K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libsocket.so.1FFFFFFFF7EC0E000 16K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libsocket.so.1FFFFFFFF7ED00000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7EE00000 32K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxn9.soFFFFFFFF7EF06000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxn9.soFFFFFFFF7F000000 8K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgXP9.soFFFFFFFF7F100000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxp9.soFFFFFFFF7F200000 8K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libodmd9.soFFFFFFFF7F300000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libodmd9.soFFFFFFFF7F400000 8K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libdl.so.1FFFFFFFF7F500000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7F600000 152K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/ld.so.1FFFFFFFF7F724000 16K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/ld.so.1FFFFFFFF7FFFA000 24K read/write [ stack ] total 337360K$

 

计算后台进程使用的内存资源:

337360K - 266240K = 71,120k

这就是一个进程所消耗的内存.

4.用户进程内存使用举例

 

$ ps -efgrep LOCAL oracle 10080 9872 0 11:00:25 pts/2 0:00 grep LOCAL oracle 23498 1 0 Nov 25 ? 0:00 oraclehsbill (LOCAL=NO) oracle 23519 1 0 Nov 25 ? 0:50 oraclehsbill (LOCAL=NO)$ pmap 2351923519: oraclehsbill (LOCAL=NO)0000000100000000 53824K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/bin/oracle000000010358E000 872K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/bin/oracle0000000103668000 848K read/write/exec [ heap ]0000000380000000 266240K read/write/exec/shared [ ism shmid=0x64 ]FFFFFFFF7CC00000 8K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CC10000 8K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CC50000 136K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CC76000 40K read/write [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CD00000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7CE00000 24K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/nss_files.so.1FFFFFFFF7CF06000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/nss_files.so.1FFFFFFFF7D000000 16K read/exec /usr/platform/sun4u/lib/sparcv9/libc_psr.so.1FFFFFFFF7D100000 16K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libmp.so.2FFFFFFFF7D204000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libmp.so.2FFFFFFFF7D300000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7D400000 88K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libm.so.1FFFFFFFF7D516000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libm.so.1FFFFFFFF7D600000 8K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libkstat.so.1FFFFFFFF7D702000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libkstat.so.1FFFFFFFF7D800000 32K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/librt.so.1FFFFFFFF7D908000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/librt.so.1FFFFFFFF7DA00000 32K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libaio.so.1FFFFFFFF7DB08000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libaio.so.1FFFFFFFF7DC00000 720K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libc.so.1FFFFFFFF7DDB4000 56K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libc.so.1FFFFFFFF7DDC2000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libc.so.1FFFFFFFF7DF00000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7E000000 32K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libgen.so.1FFFFFFFF7E108000 8K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libgen.so.1FFFFFFFF7E200000 672K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libnsl.so.1FFFFFFFF7E3A8000 56K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libnsl.so.1FFFFFFFF7E3B6000 40K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libnsl.so.1FFFFFFFF7E400000 5328K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libjox9.soFFFFFFFF7EA32000 384K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libjox9.soFFFFFFFF7EA92000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libjox9.soFFFFFFFF7EB00000 56K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libsocket.so.1FFFFFFFF7EC0E000 16K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libsocket.so.1FFFFFFFF7ED00000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7EE00000 32K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxn9.soFFFFFFFF7EF06000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxn9.soFFFFFFFF7F000000 8K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxp9.soFFFFFFFF7F100000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libskgxp9.soFFFFFFFF7F200000 8K read/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libodmd9.soFFFFFFFF7F300000 8K read/write/exec /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/lib/libodmd9.soFFFFFFFF7F400000 8K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/libdl.so.1FFFFFFFF7F500000 8K read/write/exec [ anon ]FFFFFFFF7F600000 152K read/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/ld.so.1FFFFFFFF7F724000 16K read/write/exec /usr/lib/sparcv9/ld.so.1FFFFFFFF7FFF2000 56K read/write [ stack ] total 329968K$

从PMAP的输出中我们可以看到进程所调用的库文件等,及其读写状态。


 

本文作者:
eygle,Oracle技术关注者,来自中国最大的Oracle技术论坛itpub.
www.eygle.com是作者的个人站点.你可通过Guoqiang.Gai@Gmail.com来联系作者.欢迎技术探讨交流以及链接交换.

原文出处:

http://www.eygle.com/faq/How.To.Get.Process.Memory.Consume.htm